Osteoporosis

Overview:

    • Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by existing bone structure breaking down at a more rapid rate than formation of new bone. Such imbalance results in decreased bone mineral density (BMD), an instrument used to evaluate bone strength. This loss of bone mass causes bones to become brittle and prone to fracture.
    • There is currently no cure for osteoporosis, but there are multiple treatment formulations that may help prevent disease progression, maintaining or even increasing BMD.
    • Common causes of osteoporosis are hormonal changes, chronic medication use (particularly corticosteroid therapy), dietary factors, autoimmune diseases, GI disorders, and lifestyle choices.

Symptoms:

    • Most individuals have no symptoms as a result of initial bone loss, but progressive bone loss may result in back pain, loss of height, curvature of the spine, or fracture, particularly of the hip, wrist, spine and pelvis.

Treatment:

    • Current treatment options include antiresorptive medications, which slow the breakdown of bone, or anabolic therapy, which increases bone formation.